Release of Silver from Nanotechnology-Based Consumer Products for Children

TitleRelease of Silver from Nanotechnology-Based Consumer Products for Children
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsQuadros ME, Pierson R, Tulve NS, Willis R, Rogers K, Thomas TA, Marr LC
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Volume47
Issue15
Pagination8894–8901
Date Published07/2013
ISSN1520-5851
Abstract

We assessed the potential for children’s exposure to bioavailable silver during the realistic use of selected nanotechnology-based consumer products (plush toy, fabric products, breast milk storage bags, sippy cups, cleaning products, humidifiers, and humidifier accessory). We measured the release of ionic and particulate silver from products into water, orange juice, milk formula, synthetic saliva, sweat, and urine (1:50 product to liquid mass ratio); into air; and onto dermal wipes. Of the liquid media, sweat and urine yielded the highest amount of silver release, up to 38% of the silver mass in products; tap water yielded the lowest amount, ≤1.5%. Leaching from a blanket into sweat plateaued within 5 min, with less silver released after washing. Between 0.3 and 23 μg m–2 of silver transferred from products to wipes. Aerosol concentrations were not significantly elevated during product use. Fabrics, a plush toy, and cleaning products were most likely to release silver. Silver leached mainly via dissolution and was facilitated in media with high salt concentrations. Levels of silver to which children may potentially be exposed during the normal use of these consumer products is predicted to be low, and bioavailable silver is expected to be in ionic rather than particulate form.

DOI10.1021/es4015844
Short TitleEnviron. Sci. Technol.